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Summary of Recommendations
SCREENING AND ASSESSMENT
- All older individuals should be asked whether they have fallen (in the past year).
- An older person who reports a fall should be asked about the frequency and circumstances of the fall(s).
- Older individuals should be asked if they experience difficulties with walking or balance.
- Older persons who present for medical attention because of a fall, report recurrent falls in the past year, or report difficulties in walking or balance (with or without activity curtailment) should have a multifactorial fall risk assessment.
- Older persons presenting with a single fall should be evaluated for gait and balance.
- Older persons who have fallen should have an assessment of gait and balance using one of the available evaluations.
- Older persons who cannot perform or perform poorly on a standardized gait and balance test should be given a multifactorial fall risk assessment.
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